When connecting multiple solar panels in a 12-48 volt off-grid system, you have a few options: parallel, series, or a combination of the two. In this article, we’ll give you the basics on wiring solar panels in parallel and in series. Let’s start off with a quick comparison of parallel circuits and series circuits.
Parallel circuits have multiple paths for the current to move along. If an item in the circuit is broken, current will continue to move along the other paths, while ignoring the broken one.
When wiring solar panels in parallel, the amperage (current) is additive, but the voltage remains the same. eg. If you had 4 solar panels in parallel and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 12 volts and 20 amps.
Series circuits have only one path for current to travel along. A series circuit is a continuous, closed loop – breaking the circuit at any point stops the entire series from operating.
When wiring solar panels in a series, the voltage is additive, but the amperage remains the same. eg. If you had 4 solar panels in a series and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 48 volts and 5 amps.
Remember: just like batteries, solar panels have a negative terminal (-) and a positive terminal (+ ). Current flows from the negative terminal through a load (current consumed by a piece of equipment) to the positive terminal.
Wiring Solar Panels in a Series Circuit
– Connect the positive terminal of the first solar panel to the negative terminal of the next one.
– eg. If you had 4 solar panels in a series and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 48 volts at 5 amps.
Wiring Solar Panels in a Parallel Circuit
– Connect all the positive terminals of all the solar panels together, and all the negative terminals of all the panels together.
– eg. If you had 4 solar panels in parallel and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 12 volts at 20 amps.
One is the use of solar power for homes. Did you know that you can enjoy many benefits from using solar power?
With the increasing demand for solar powered homes, you can now find a wide range of DIY projects in the market. The reasons why many homeowners are now choosing solar power for their homes is because they want to help in the persistent global warming crisis and electric bills cost a lot these days.
The electricity supplied in modern homes usually comes from different power plants. These power plants use fossil fuels and so the electric charges are greatly dependent on the prices of natural gases and crude oil. The solar power for homes is an excellent answer to the problem.
By using fossil fuels, the problem with global warming will become worse. Harmful gases are emitted by the fossil fuels to produce electricity. If you don’t want to contribute to the environmental problems any further, why not use solar power for your home now?
Several years ago, the solar cells were really expensive and inefficient. Back then the solar cells were quite inefficient since they can’t convert 100% of the rays of the sun into electricity. Most solar cells can convert only 10-25%.
The solar power kits are available worldwide. There you can find several reputable sellers and manufacturers of solar power kits.
Hardware stores usually sell the different parts of the solar power system. If create your own solar power system, you will only spend about $200 and it already includes the guide.
The homes of the future are now possible in today’s modern world. You can first work on the outdoor lighting first and if it proves to be beneficial, you can do another project.
Don’t cut off the existing electrical supply especially if this is your first time to do solar power projects. Just use it as a supplement so that you can lessen your electricity consumption. Start with your DIY solar power project and light your home using the sun’s energy.
If you have been thinking about how you would like to cut your home energy costs, you might want to take a second look at your home landscaping. This is an area you may not have even thought of. Did you know energy-efficient home landscaping can reduce your household’s energy consumption for heating and cooling by as much as 25 percent.! That’s staggering, isn’t it? Proper placement of trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, and hedges lets you modify the microclimate around your home to maximize shade during the summer and reduce wind chill during the winter. Energy-efficient home landscaping is one of the best investments you can make, because aside from its potential to increase the resale value of your property, it can generate enough savings to return your initial investment in less than eight years. It is not surprising then that more homeowners than ever are implementing energy-conserving home landscaping ideas on their property. Where can we begin with this exciting new landscaping adventure? I hope the following information will be of help to you.
Develop a Home Landscaping Plan for Energy Efficiency
There are countless home landscaping strategies for energy conservation, but not all of them may be appropriate for your property and climate zone. Before you plant those evergreens in your backyard, make an assessment of the comfort and energy shortcomings of your current home landscaping. Things like the property’s microclimate, house location, and the presence of surrounding structures will influence your energy-efficient home landscaping plan. Microclimate is the climate immediately surrounding your home, and along with the regional climate, it helps determine which plants and trees will thrive and provide the best energy-saving benefit to your home landscaping. Your home’s location affects your dwelling’s exposure to the sun, wind, and water, consequently shaping your home landscaping needs. Nearby buildings, walls, trees, and bodies of water can produce significant climatic effects that would impact your home landscaping strategies. A thorough analysis of your property’s features enables you to devise an energy-efficient home landscaping scheme that addresses your needs and goals.
Landscape to Maximize Shade
Properly planned home landscaping can reduce your air-conditioning costs in the summer by providing shade from the hot morning and afternoon sun. Deciduous trees (trees that shed their leaves in winter) provide shade in the summer when its leaves are in full bloom and warm the home in winter by letting low-angle winter sun filter through its bare branches. Home landscaping that maximizes shade can reduce temperature inside the home by as much as 8 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Would you think of shading your air-conditioner through home landscaping because that increases the unit’s efficiency. In addition, shading the ground and pavement with trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants reduces surrounding air temperatures. Other heat-reducing home landscaping ideas include building a trellis for climbing vines to shade a patio and planting a row of shrubs to shade a driveway.
Landscaspe for Wind Protection
Home landscaping to divert the flow of cold winds helps cut down your home heating costs in the winter. Trees, shrubs, bushes, walls, and fences make effective windbreaks for winter-protected home landscaping. You can achieve adequate wind protection through home landscaping by planting evergreen trees and shrubs along the north and northwest areas of your property. Windbreaks can decrease wind speed for a distance as much as 30 times its height, although maximum wind protection occurs at a distance of two to five times the mature height of windbreaks. For optimal wind protection, make sure that the foliage density on the windward side of your property is 60 percent. A well-designed home landscaping provides energy savings year-round. Enjoy the warmth of the winter sun by not planting evergreens too close to the south side of your home. Shrubs, bushes and vines planted close to your house create dead air spaces that insulate your home in both winter and summer.
I hope this article has been of help to you in creating landscaping for energy conservation. Reducing my household energy consumption by a possible 25% has motivated me to start looking around my yard.
Every homeowner wants their kitchen to look good. For some people the kitchen is more than just another room. We want our kitchen to look great but we also need it to work better. One of the useful accompaniments in the kitchen is the kitchen cabinets. We use cabinets to stock our goods and other kitchen artifacts that we use every day.
Kitchen cabinets are one of the useful add-ons in our kitchen. It is commonly used for storage of our foods and other artifacts that we usually use in our kitchen. Choosing the right cabinetry is essential in constructing your kitchen. Homeowners must know the types of cabinet materials that must be used to construct the kitchen cabinet in order for it to last longer and also durable.
Since the kitchen is where we usually cook and prepare our foods and the kitchen cabinets are rooms for the food we prepare and other kitchen utensils we use, we also must maintain the cleanliness of it. Tough grease stains and dirt can be removed using water and grease solvent and also cleaning the windows using a microfiber cloth and feather dusters.
We often ask what are cabinets made of. Some of us assume that cabinets are made up of wood, but the truth is that cabinets are made up of combination of materials and also wood. There are many kinds of materials used to construct a cabinet and some of them are the following.
Particleboard is not made up of solid wood, this material is composed of wood shavings and wood chips that is compressed into sheets of wood. Particleboard cabinets are easy to break and are not as durable as any other woods. Particleboard cabinets are the least expensive type of cabinet and this cabinet also offers the homeowners cost-effective solution.
Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF).
This kind of wood is very durable and is slightly expensive compared to the particleboard. Medium density fiberboard is an engineered wood and it is denser than the particleboard because this wood is contained by blue.
The cabinets that are made up of plywood are the most durable and strongest compared to MDF and the particleboard, and this type of wood is more expensive than the MDF and particleboard.
Custom kitchen cabinets
Custom cabinets are the kinds of cabinets that are made to meet the specifications of your kitchen. It cost more than the semi-stock cabinets but is worth the wait of long periods of placing and receiving your order and the extra money. Custom cabinets are made of solid hardwood and it also adds natural beauty to your home. Cabinets from a store may be cheaper but they are never better compared to a custom cabinet. By adding some custom designs to your home, it will make your home a one of a kind masterpiece!
Refinish your kitchen cabinets
Refinishing cabinets can be a simple project and inexpensive that is done over a few days to create a whole fresh new look for your kitchen. You don’t need to hire somebody to do the job for you if you can do it yourself. Refinishing is a way for the cabinets to look great, fresh, and real– wood look to your cabinet that you can’t get by using paint. Refinishing the cabinets is similar to refinishing furniture, here are some ways to get the work done.
In refinishing the kitchen cabinets, first you must gather all the supplies you’ll need and after that remove the handles, drawer faces, doors and other hardware. The next is the sanding. It is better to use an electric hand sander for your first sanding. After that, you must wipe all the dust with a damp rag and then sand again using a finer sand paper. Apply the stain using a rag and rub it into the wood. The more stain you apply, the darker the wood is.
Remodeling kitchen cabinets
Remodeling your kitchen is just another way to improve your cabinets and also for it to have a fresh new look. Do you really need to hire a professional to complete the tasks in planning your kitchen? Well, that depends in your skills and budget. In remodelling your cabinets, you must set a plan and also set a budget for the materials that is to be used. Consider the designs you want for your cabinets and also consider to have a customized one if you wanted to have a personalized kitchen cabinet. Choose the exact materials and products that fit the goal of your remodel kitchen cabinets. And when remodeling, think of the function, style, efficiency and also the longevity.
Foreclosure House Maintenance
Many individuals do their finest to keep up with house upkeep to make their day-to-day living better and more enjoyable as well as secure the investment they made in their house. Individuals who are facing foreclosure normally have fewer resources to invest on house upkeep, so, generally; houses in foreclosure need home maintenance even more so than other houses do.
In addition to the small repairs that most houses require, foreclosure house upkeep may include repair works that go beyond the typical handyman-special repair works that are a normal part of owning, buying, or selling a home.
Almost any house, foreclosure house or otherwise is going to have some or all of these common home repair work needs:
– Holes in walls– it is quite common to see little holes in drywall. They must be repaired if there are any in your house.
– Cracks– great deals of houses have fractures in the pathways or on walls or on flooring or bathroom tiles. Those are hardly even noticeable when you live with them day in and day out, but others who are looking to buy a home notification things like that immediately.
– Leaks– If your cooking area or bathroom faucets leak, they should be repaired.
– Improperly fitted doors– Sometimes the doors of kitchen area cabinets or
– Bathroom vanities don’t close exactly correctly. Typically, changing a hinge will suffice.
You are nearly definitely guaranteed to be taking on foreclosure house maintenance if you mean to invest in an REO property. The above small repairs are most likely to be a part of the plan, and you also may deal with more major repair works. Foreclosure home upkeep requires frequently include:
1. Roofing system repair
2. Structure repair
3. Major device repair or replacement
4. Window replacement
5. Wood rot replacement
Although the idea of needing to do major repair works might seem challenging, the price of foreclosed property may make the investment in foreclosure house repair work worth the cost and effort. Naturally, you must beware and look for expert advice before buying any residential or commercial property, foreclosed or otherwise or in requirement of repair work or not.
When you do become a homeowner, whether you acquire an REO property or make a more traditional purchase, you must constantly keep your house’s value as high as possible by staying up to date with repair works and upkeep, but given that the entire reason behind foreclosures is monetary, you ought to expect your foreclosure home purchase to come with a list of foreclosure home upkeep concerns.
A lot of individuals do their finest to keep up with home maintenance to make their everyday living better and more satisfying as well as safeguard the investment they made in their house. Individuals who are facing foreclosure normally have fewer resources to spend on house maintenance, so, generally; houses in foreclosure need house upkeep even more so than other homes do.
If you plan to invest in an REO property, you are nearly definitely guaranteed to be taking on foreclosure house upkeep. The above minor repairs are most likely to be a part of the package, and you likewise might face more significant repairs.
If you have an itch to take care of your home, here is news you need to know. Flea populations are on the rise and are hatching into homes across the nation, according to professional pest control companies that are noticing a significant increase in professional flea treatments.
Fleas are hungry, unparticular parasites that will feast on any warm-blooded body, including you! If you or your pets are scratching up a storm, it is time to call a professional pest control company to properly identify the cause and treat the problem quickly and effectively.
Fleas and flea-infested animals were the cause of the bubonic plague, which wiped out much of Europe during the Middle Ages. While the plague is an extremely rare disease today, fleas also transmit a bacterial disease, murine typhus, to humans through infected rats, as well as result in itchy, painful red bumps on the host they feed on.
The National Pest Management Association offers these tips to help keep fleas from bothering your pets and invading your home:
• – Clean and vacuum frequently. Not only will this help to pick up fleas that have already entered your home but it helps to get rid of the debris fleas enjoy using when preparing to lay eggs.
• – If adult fleas are found, then it is probable there are hundreds of eggs laid about your home. These eggs can take seven to 14 days to hatch and the infestation cycle will continue. Contact a pest management professional to rid your home of both adult fleas and larvae.
• – Keep your lawn groomed. Untended lawns provide hiding spots and food sources for rodents and other animals that may harbor fleas.
• – Fleas hitch rides with mammals on the move, including rodents. If you have a rodent problem in your home or on your property, fleas are one more reason to call a professional pest control company to rid your home of both.
• – If you have pets, keep them leashed when outside. Visit a veterinarian annually, bathe and groom your pets regularly, and use flea treatments according to direction.
The house is one from the very most important financial investments that folks regularly make in lifestyle, thus home servicing is actually very importanat. It will definitely benefit us to take care of this great financial investment that we have actually produced. Preventative upkeep will benefit resident. Than to keep like that, later you begin devoting your cash and also time for keeping your house. So this will definitely be better for you the residence owner to company a qualified for maintenance, so that she or he will examine your house once in a while. Preventative servicing from your residence will make you prevent repair services, reduce electricity consumption, time lost, as well as this will definitely also extend the lifestyle span from your home.
The routine examination or even tracking of your residence through a specialist or a property qualified agent for residence maintenance, along with whom you have organize with to become assessing your roof covering from leakages, wall surfaces from cracks, etc. is a great, to ensure that, any type of negligence understood that will definitely be repaired immediately. Than to permit your property without routine evaluation, eventually select the purchasing of materials in large quantities, which will be actually so expensive for you the homeowner.
This is quick and easy to perform normal assessment and maintenance. Some parts or equipments requirement basically regular examination. If routine maintenance is actually carried out in any kind of portion of your house, that will definitely be actually much better that keep in mind ought to be utilized where the repairs were done and when this was actually carried out. To ensure, proper treatment ought to be utilized. Home owners need to make certain they try to find expert home upkeep examiners, than to become getting the job done themselves.
For the overall inspection of the external component of the property (Outdoor).
1) The rooftop ought to be actually inspected for damages and missing tiles. Electrical cords must be actually properly shielded if they are passed on the roof covering. Plant branches ought to be actually reduced off the rooftop. And also the helps from tv antennas as well as dish antenna must be checked.
2) Seamless gutters and Downspout should be actually looked for clog and also leak as a result of to corrosion. Downspout joint must be actually examined.
3) Walls should be actually assessed, if there are actually fractures and also separating. And also wall surface constructed along with hardwood needs to be actually checked for loose or damages panels.
4) The groundworks ought to be actually evaluated if there are gaps on that.
5) Doors and Microsoft window need to be actually checked out, if they need to have any type of substitute from glasses or even door padlock.
6) The chimney must be actually evaluated for damaged blocks or loose mortar signs up with. If this is actually a metallic smokeshaft this should be inspected for corrosion and missing rainfall limit
The power links must be actually evaluated constantly through an electrical contractor, thus, in order to avoid existing leakages. The primary door needs to be actually checked constantly if all the fuses are in spot as well as if the appropriate rankings from the merges are utilized. The earth wires need to be actually evaluated if there are actually grounded. As well as loose cables should be hooked up to their due terminals.
A service technician must be in spot that is going to examine the cooling/heating heating system from your home when the season comes off leaks. All various other home heating or even cooling tools in our home need to be checked out for problems or leakage.
A plumber must consistently evaluate the water pipes for leaks. The drain device from the residence need to be actually evaluated to steer clear of obstructions. Toilets must be actually examined adequately.
All this info concerning the servicing of different negligences that might develop in you property ought to be performed by an experienced service technician, that is specialist in that industry.
Transform Your House Into A Home With These Home Improvement Tips
Performing your personal house enhancements doesn’t must be actually difficult, however people experienced with makeover, repairing, as well as enhancing their homes realise that a few basic recommendations as well as methods may create a large distinction. If you are actually thinking of commencing some new home remodelings, birth the adhering to tips in mind making certain every thing goes right and also nothing at all goes wrong.
See to it that any sort of deal you sign when buying a residence has your enthusiasms in mind. You should have time to obtain financing, arrange a home evaluation and explain any kind of issues in the residence that might looking for repair service. An arrangement that is written to guard you, is important in offering you satisfaction and enabling you to appreciate your brand-new home.
Taking good treatment from your residence is as essential as placing cash in your money market account often. Well maintained houses are worth additional funds in comparison to those which looking for bunches of put off servicing. By keeping track of small fixes, you will definitely keep your residence at this is actually prime market price.
Prior to buying any kind of products for a residence remodeling work, you ought to go online as well as contrast shop at the nearby residence enhancement outlet sites. This is actually a fantastic method for you to become particular that you are receiving the components at the greatest cost that you can easily rather than paying too much as well as losing your cash.
Property enhancement costs usually go through the roof when home owners fail to take un-livability into point to consider when arranging a demanding remodel. If you can not prepare in your kitchen or even bath in your restroom, you will certainly find yourself dining in a restaurant a lot and also potentially keeping in a resort for a handful of nights. These prices accumulate swiftly if you just weren’t anticipating all of them. Include yet another collection to your allocate meals as well as lodging if essential.
If you do not know the best ways to do just about anything entailed along with your home renovation project, take a while as well as head to the local residence enhancement shop as well as talk to. You could believe that steering up to the house remodeling establishment is a waste of time, but the time you spare not needing to re-do a lousy task is well worth it.
After your home remodeling work is actually finished, carry out certainly not provide your final payment until you are happy with the work that was actually conducted. You may additionally make “improvement payments,” which includes giving the contractor little amounts from money in specific increases over the course of the venture. Carry out not spend for job that you are not delighted with.
An excellent home enhancement pointer is to make certain the company you’re doing business with is legit. If a company does not give you a physical address and also simply conducts business over the phone, that implies they’re most likely small time as well as may not be very credible. Attempt to go with providers that possess a solid reputation.
These basic pointers ought to have aided you view some brand-new perspectives on residence improvement, which will certainly receive you thinking creatively regarding exactly what will definitely operate and also won’t work in your very own home. Learning to think skillfully about how you make improvements will definitely be a valuable skill as you get expertise and tackle additional complicated residence improvement works.
Don’t Keep Your Home In The Past, Read Tips Listed here
Residence enhancement projects are actually the best stimulating as well as challenging point a property owner can easily seek. If you are novice in property upkeep or planning as well as executing projects, then you need the tips in this write-up. Read and adhere to the ideas, and you will certainly be proud of your outcomes as well as your skill-sets.
Step dimensions when getting products after that gauge again. You intend to ensure that when you are obtaining new products, you are actually checking the dimension from the area that you must cover along with these products. Occasionally the initial reading is actually a little off and also this takes a married couple aims to make sure merely exactly what measurements you are dealing with. You may certainly never be actually very mindful.
Are you looking for an inexpensive way to include a flair from course to your home? One excellent technique to include a little flavor of style to your house create is actually to substitute your door alarm with a brand-new one. If you do this, any type of one which sees will promptly obtain a different sense from your home.
Among the latest trends for house renovation is painting the roofs in each space. Rather than a generic white, it is actually strongly beneficial, soothing, and extremely aesthetic to painting the roofs from each room a few hues lighter from the same color as the walls. Performing this inspires the room a lot more together and also creates a more peaceful as well as calming environment.
Consider your lifestyle just before visual looks when beginning house renovations. A pond in your face yard could be good, however possessing your little one join and sink will be actually terrible. You might wish to put in a work desk, but the cash could be far better invested in mounting a/c in a Florida residence.
Do not ignore your home-improvement project. Before you start, put all the needed steps into a venture program. Estimation for even more experience in comparison to you assume the task will definitely take. After that possess other people provide you a consultation on your venture strategy making certain you did certainly not leave any kind of march.
Maximize some closet room in your kitchen space by using a metal work desk planner to store reducing panels, jelly roll skillets and also cookie sheets. This will certainly not merely give you the much required cabinet space, but maintain you coming from having to open up each and every compartment in your kitchen area to find one product you could use.
If you are actually an useful male, at that point you can possibly do a bunch of deal with your home by yourself. Among the simplest as well as very most gratifying tasks that you can do on your own is actually to include a deck crafted from timber to your back entrance for celebrations.
A great home renovation suggestion is to contact neighborhood repair service services and also look around for the greatest offer. By shopping around, you’ll have even more from a recognition of that you are actually associating with, and also you’ll be actually more probable to find the best person for the work. This can be a fantastic technique to create certain you’re getting quality their job done.
Properly completing a property improvement job is actually a fantastic way to raise your confidence while enhancing your home’s value and livability. If you possess little bit of or even no experience in property maintenance or even no development abilities, after that you will definitely need to have the pointers in this particular write-up to manage your venture.