When connecting multiple solar panels in a 12-48 volt off-grid system, you have a few options: parallel, series, or a combination of the two. In this article, we’ll give you the basics on wiring solar panels in parallel and in series. Let’s start off with a quick comparison of parallel circuits and series circuits.
Parallel circuits have multiple paths for the current to move along. If an item in the circuit is broken, current will continue to move along the other paths, while ignoring the broken one.
When wiring solar panels in parallel, the amperage (current) is additive, but the voltage remains the same. eg. If you had 4 solar panels in parallel and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 12 volts and 20 amps.
Series circuits have only one path for current to travel along. A series circuit is a continuous, closed loop – breaking the circuit at any point stops the entire series from operating.
When wiring solar panels in a series, the voltage is additive, but the amperage remains the same. eg. If you had 4 solar panels in a series and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 48 volts and 5 amps.
Remember: just like batteries, solar panels have a negative terminal (-) and a positive terminal (+ ). Current flows from the negative terminal through a load (current consumed by a piece of equipment) to the positive terminal.
Wiring Solar Panels in a Series Circuit
– Connect the positive terminal of the first solar panel to the negative terminal of the next one.
– eg. If you had 4 solar panels in a series and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 48 volts at 5 amps.
Wiring Solar Panels in a Parallel Circuit
– Connect all the positive terminals of all the solar panels together, and all the negative terminals of all the panels together.
– eg. If you had 4 solar panels in parallel and each was rated at 12 volts and 5 amps, the entire array would be 12 volts at 20 amps.
One is the use of solar power for homes. Did you know that you can enjoy many benefits from using solar power?
With the increasing demand for solar powered homes, you can now find a wide range of DIY projects in the market. The reasons why many homeowners are now choosing solar power for their homes is because they want to help in the persistent global warming crisis and electric bills cost a lot these days.
The electricity supplied in modern homes usually comes from different power plants. These power plants use fossil fuels and so the electric charges are greatly dependent on the prices of natural gases and crude oil. The solar power for homes is an excellent answer to the problem.
By using fossil fuels, the problem with global warming will become worse. Harmful gases are emitted by the fossil fuels to produce electricity. If you don’t want to contribute to the environmental problems any further, why not use solar power for your home now?
Several years ago, the solar cells were really expensive and inefficient. Back then the solar cells were quite inefficient since they can’t convert 100% of the rays of the sun into electricity. Most solar cells can convert only 10-25%.
The solar power kits are available worldwide. There you can find several reputable sellers and manufacturers of solar power kits.
Hardware stores usually sell the different parts of the solar power system. If create your own solar power system, you will only spend about $200 and it already includes the guide.
The homes of the future are now possible in today’s modern world. You can first work on the outdoor lighting first and if it proves to be beneficial, you can do another project.
Don’t cut off the existing electrical supply especially if this is your first time to do solar power projects. Just use it as a supplement so that you can lessen your electricity consumption. Start with your DIY solar power project and light your home using the sun’s energy.
Every homeowner wants their kitchen to look good. For some people the kitchen is more than just another room. We want our kitchen to look great but we also need it to work better. One of the useful accompaniments in the kitchen is the kitchen cabinets. We use cabinets to stock our goods and other kitchen artifacts that we use every day.
Kitchen cabinets are one of the useful add-ons in our kitchen. It is commonly used for storage of our foods and other artifacts that we usually use in our kitchen. Choosing the right cabinetry is essential in constructing your kitchen. Homeowners must know the types of cabinet materials that must be used to construct the kitchen cabinet in order for it to last longer and also durable.
Since the kitchen is where we usually cook and prepare our foods and the kitchen cabinets are rooms for the food we prepare and other kitchen utensils we use, we also must maintain the cleanliness of it. Tough grease stains and dirt can be removed using water and grease solvent and also cleaning the windows using a microfiber cloth and feather dusters.
We often ask what are cabinets made of. Some of us assume that cabinets are made up of wood, but the truth is that cabinets are made up of combination of materials and also wood. There are many kinds of materials used to construct a cabinet and some of them are the following.
Particleboard is not made up of solid wood, this material is composed of wood shavings and wood chips that is compressed into sheets of wood. Particleboard cabinets are easy to break and are not as durable as any other woods. Particleboard cabinets are the least expensive type of cabinet and this cabinet also offers the homeowners cost-effective solution.
Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF).
This kind of wood is very durable and is slightly expensive compared to the particleboard. Medium density fiberboard is an engineered wood and it is denser than the particleboard because this wood is contained by blue.
The cabinets that are made up of plywood are the most durable and strongest compared to MDF and the particleboard, and this type of wood is more expensive than the MDF and particleboard.
Custom kitchen cabinets
Custom cabinets are the kinds of cabinets that are made to meet the specifications of your kitchen. It cost more than the semi-stock cabinets but is worth the wait of long periods of placing and receiving your order and the extra money. Custom cabinets are made of solid hardwood and it also adds natural beauty to your home. Cabinets from a store may be cheaper but they are never better compared to a custom cabinet. By adding some custom designs to your home, it will make your home a one of a kind masterpiece!
Refinish your kitchen cabinets
Refinishing cabinets can be a simple project and inexpensive that is done over a few days to create a whole fresh new look for your kitchen. You don’t need to hire somebody to do the job for you if you can do it yourself. Refinishing is a way for the cabinets to look great, fresh, and real– wood look to your cabinet that you can’t get by using paint. Refinishing the cabinets is similar to refinishing furniture, here are some ways to get the work done.
In refinishing the kitchen cabinets, first you must gather all the supplies you’ll need and after that remove the handles, drawer faces, doors and other hardware. The next is the sanding. It is better to use an electric hand sander for your first sanding. After that, you must wipe all the dust with a damp rag and then sand again using a finer sand paper. Apply the stain using a rag and rub it into the wood. The more stain you apply, the darker the wood is.
Remodeling kitchen cabinets
Remodeling your kitchen is just another way to improve your cabinets and also for it to have a fresh new look. Do you really need to hire a professional to complete the tasks in planning your kitchen? Well, that depends in your skills and budget. In remodelling your cabinets, you must set a plan and also set a budget for the materials that is to be used. Consider the designs you want for your cabinets and also consider to have a customized one if you wanted to have a personalized kitchen cabinet. Choose the exact materials and products that fit the goal of your remodel kitchen cabinets. And when remodeling, think of the function, style, efficiency and also the longevity.
If you have an itch to take care of your home, here is news you need to know. Flea populations are on the rise and are hatching into homes across the nation, according to professional pest control companies that are noticing a significant increase in professional flea treatments.
Fleas are hungry, unparticular parasites that will feast on any warm-blooded body, including you! If you or your pets are scratching up a storm, it is time to call a professional pest control company to properly identify the cause and treat the problem quickly and effectively.
Fleas and flea-infested animals were the cause of the bubonic plague, which wiped out much of Europe during the Middle Ages. While the plague is an extremely rare disease today, fleas also transmit a bacterial disease, murine typhus, to humans through infected rats, as well as result in itchy, painful red bumps on the host they feed on.
The National Pest Management Association offers these tips to help keep fleas from bothering your pets and invading your home:
• – Clean and vacuum frequently. Not only will this help to pick up fleas that have already entered your home but it helps to get rid of the debris fleas enjoy using when preparing to lay eggs.
• – If adult fleas are found, then it is probable there are hundreds of eggs laid about your home. These eggs can take seven to 14 days to hatch and the infestation cycle will continue. Contact a pest management professional to rid your home of both adult fleas and larvae.
• – Keep your lawn groomed. Untended lawns provide hiding spots and food sources for rodents and other animals that may harbor fleas.
• – Fleas hitch rides with mammals on the move, including rodents. If you have a rodent problem in your home or on your property, fleas are one more reason to call a professional pest control company to rid your home of both.
• – If you have pets, keep them leashed when outside. Visit a veterinarian annually, bathe and groom your pets regularly, and use flea treatments according to direction.